Monday, August 29, 2011



She is a well known Hindi poet of the Chhayavaad generation, the times when every poet used to incorporate romanticism in their poetry. She is more often called the modern Meera. Well, we are talking about the famous Mahadevi Varma, who achieved the Jnanpith award in the year 1982. In this article, we will present you with the biography of Mahadevi Varma, so read on.

Life History
Mahadevi was born in the family of lawyers in 1907 in Farrukhabad, Uttar Pradesh. She completed her education in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. At a young age of nine in the year 1914, she was married to Dr Swarup Narain Varma. She lived with her parents till the time her husband completed his studies in Lucknow. It is during this period that, Mahadevi pursued further education at the Allahabad University. She did her masters in Sanskrit from there.

She met her husband for sometime in the princely state of Tamkoi somewhere around 1920. Thereafter, she moved to Allahabad to further her interest in poetry. Unfortunately, she and her husband mostly lived separately and were busy pursuing their individual interests. They used to meet occasionally. Her husband died in the year 1966. Then, she decided to permanently shift to Allahabad.

She was highly influenced by the values preached by the Buddhist culture. She was so much inclined towards Buddhism that, she even attempted to become a Buddhist bhikshuni. With the establishment of Allahabad (Prayag) Mahila Vidyapeeth, which was primarily set up to impart cultural values to girls, she became the first headmistress of the institute. This famous personality died in 1987.

Mahadevi Varma is one amongst the other major poets of the Chhayavaadi school of the Hindi literature. She is the epitome of child prodigy. Not only she wrote fabulous poetry, but also made sketches for her poetic works such as Deepshikha and Yatra. Deepshikha is one of the best works of Mahadevi Varma. She is also famous for her book of memoirs.

Madhur Madhur Mere Dipak Jal

madhur madhur mere dipak jal !
yug yug pratidin pratixan pratipal,
priyatam kaa path aalokit kar !
saurabh phailaa vipul dhup ban,
mR^idul mom saa ghul re mR^idu tan;
de prakaash kaa sindhu aparimit,
tere jivan kaa anu anu gal !
pulak pulak mere dipak jal !
saare shital komal nutan
maang rahe tujhase jvaalaa-kan
vishva-shalabh sir dhun kahataa 'mai
haay na jal paayaa tujh me mil' !
sihar sihar mere dipak jal !
jalate nabh me dekh asakhyak,
snehahin nit kitane dipak;
jalamaya saagar kaa ur jalataa,
vidyut le ghirataa hai baadal !
vihans vihans mere dipak jal !
drum ke ag harit komalatam,
jvaalaa ko karate hR^idayagam;
vasudhaa ke jad atar me bhi,
bandi hai taapo ki halachal !
bikhar bikhar mere dipak jal !
meri nishvaaso se drutatar,
subhaga na tu bujhane kaa bhay kar
mai anchal ki ot kiye hun,
apani mR^idu palako se chachal !
sahaj sahaj mere dipak jal !
simaa hi laghutaa kaa badhan,
hai anaadi tu mat ghadiyaan gin;
mai dR^ig ke axay koSho se
tujh me bharati hun aansu jal !
sajal sajal mere dipak jal !
tama asim teraa prakaash chir,
khelege nava khel niratar;
tama ke anu anu me vidyut saa
amit chitra akit karataa chal !
saral saral mere dipak jal !
tu jal jal jitanaa hotaa xaya,
vah samip aataa chhalanaamaya;
madhur milan me mit jaanaa tu
usaki ujjvala smita me ghul khil !
madir madir mere dipak jal !
priyatama kaa path aalokit kar !

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